Garry Kasparov is a former World Chess Champion, writer, and political activist, who is considered to be the greatest chess player of all time, as he was ranked world No. 1 for 225 out of 228 months of his career. Here are 48 facts about the Russian chess Grand Master:
1. Garry Kasparov was born Garik Kimovich Weinstein on April 13, 1963 in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, erstwhile Soviet Union. At the age of 12, he adopted his mothers surname and modified it.
2. He was born to Kim Moiseyevich Weinstein, who was a Russian Jewish and his mother Klara Shagenovna Gasparian, an Armenian. He lost his father at the age of seven.
3. Kasparov’s chess talent was spotted by his parents when he solved a chess problem for them. At the age of seven he was enrolled in Young Pioneer Palace in Baku, which is a place for creative work, sports training and extracurricular activities.
4. In 1982, he won his first Super class tournament in Bugojno and Moscow Interzonal tournament. By virtue of this win he was qualified for the Candidate Tournament.
5. He became the world number 1 player in January 1984 with FIDE rating of 2710 points. He was the youngest ever world no.1, until Vladimir Kramnik broke it in January 1996. He held the record for twelve years.
6. He defended his PCA Championship Title in 1995 against Viswanathan Anand held at World Trade Center, New York City. He won 10 ½ to 7 ½. He was the last PCA Champion.
7. He lost interest in regaining the World Chess title after the failure of ‘Prague Agreement’ masterminded by Yasser Seirawan. In January 2005, he announced that he was tired of waiting for the FIDE to organize a match.
8. He married thrice. He divorced Masha before marrying Yulia. He married Daria Tarasova after breaking up with Yulia in 2005. He has four children out of his wedlock.
9. He received “Keeper of the Flame” award from the “Center for Security Policy.” For his propagation democracy and for respecting individual rights throughout the world.
10. He has a record for being the longest ranked No 1 in the world from 1986 to 2005. In 1990, he surpassed the FIDE rating of 2800 breaking Bobby Fisher record of 2785.